Correo en Laravel

Manejo del correo en Laravel

Montar el sistema de ficheros remoto:

sshfs usuario@alumno.xyz:/home/usuario/todo/ servidor -p 22

Conexión al VPS

ssh usuario@alumno.xyz

Enviar mensaje de prueba desde consola (para comprobar el funcionamiento del servidor de correo):

sudo apt install mailutils
mail -s "Email de prueba" paco.portada@protonmail.com <<< "Este es el cuerpo del correo"

Uso de un servidor de correo (Postfix, por ejemplo) en el propio equipo

cd todo
nano .env

Fichero .env (en la carpeta del proyecto de Laravel):

MAIL_MAILER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=localhost
MAIL_PORT=25
MAIL_USERNAME=null
MAIL_PASSWORD=null
MAIL_ENCRYPTION=null
MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS=info@alumno.xyz
MAIL_FROM_NAME="${APP_NAME}"

Laravel 9 Send Mail using Gmail SMTP Server

MAIL_DRIVER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=smtp.gmail.com
MAIL_PORT=587
MAIL_USERNAME=my_name@gmail.com
MAIL_PASSWORD=my_gmail_password
MAIL_ENCRYPTION=tls
MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS=mygoogle@gmail.com
MAIL_FROM_NAME="${APP_NAME}"

fichero config/mail.php

añadir 2 líneas al final de la configuración de mailer:

'auth_mode' => null,
'verify_peer' => false

nano config\mail.php

<?php

return [

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Default Mailer
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | This option controls the default mailer that is used to send any email
    | messages sent by your application. Alternative mailers may be setup
    | and used as needed; however, this mailer will be used by default.
    |
    */

    'default' => env('MAIL_MAILER', 'smtp'),

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Mailer Configurations
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | Here you may configure all of the mailers used by your application plus
    | their respective settings. Several examples have been configured for
    | you and you are free to add your own as your application requires.
    |
    | Laravel supports a variety of mail "transport" drivers to be used while
    | sending an e-mail. You will specify which one you are using for your
    | mailers below. You are free to add additional mailers as required.
    |
    | Supported: "smtp", "sendmail", "mailgun", "ses",
    |            "postmark", "log", "array", "failover"
    |
    */

    'mailers' => [
        'smtp' => [
            'transport' => 'smtp',
            'host' => env('MAIL_HOST', 'smtp.mailgun.org'),
            'port' => env('MAIL_PORT', 587),
            'encryption' => env('MAIL_ENCRYPTION', 'tls'),
            'username' => env('MAIL_USERNAME'),
            'password' => env('MAIL_PASSWORD'),
            'timeout' => null,
            'local_domain' => env('MAIL_EHLO_DOMAIN'),
        'auth_mode' => null,
        'verify_peer' => false,
        ],

        'ses' => [
            'transport' => 'ses',
        ],

        'mailgun' => [
            'transport' => 'mailgun',
        ],

        'postmark' => [
            'transport' => 'postmark',
        ],

        'sendmail' => [
            'transport' => 'sendmail',
            'path' => env('MAIL_SENDMAIL_PATH', '/usr/sbin/sendmail -bs -i'),
        ],

        'log' => [
            'transport' => 'log',
            'channel' => env('MAIL_LOG_CHANNEL'),
        ],

        'array' => [
            'transport' => 'array',
        ],

        'failover' => [
            'transport' => 'failover',
            'mailers' => [
                'smtp',
                'log',
            ],
        ],
    ],

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Global "From" Address
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | You may wish for all e-mails sent by your application to be sent from
    | the same address. Here, you may specify a name and address that is
    | used globally for all e-mails that are sent by your application.
    |
    */

    'from' => [
        'address' => env('MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS', 'hello@example.com'),
        'name' => env('MAIL_FROM_NAME', 'Example'),
    ],

    /*
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    | Markdown Mail Settings
    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------
    |
    | If you are using Markdown based email rendering, you may configure your
    | theme and component paths here, allowing you to customize the design
    | of the emails. Or, you may simply stick with the Laravel defaults!
    |
    */

    'markdown' => [
        'theme' => 'default',

        'paths' => [
            resource_path('views/vendor/mail'),
        ],
    ],

];

Envío de un email de prueba

fichero routes/web.php

Route::get('/sendemail', function () {
  try {
    $result = "Your email has been sent successfully";
    $data = array( 'name' => "LearningLaravel.net" );

    Mail::send('emails.learning', $data, function ($message) {
        $from = 'emisor@alumno.xyz';
        $name = 'nombreAlumno';
        // cambiar el email y poner uno propio
        $to = 'nombre@protonmail.com';
        $subject = "Learning Laravel test email";   

        $message->from($from, $name);
        $message->to($to);
        $message->subject($subject);
        });
    } catch (Exception $e) {
            $result = $e->getMessage();
    }

    return $result;
});

Crear el fichero learning.blade.php en la carpeta resources/views/emails:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="es-ES">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
</head>
<body>
    <h2>Learning Laravel!</h2>
    <div>
        Bienvenid@ a la web {!! $name !!}!
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Accederemos desde el navegador a la ruta sendemail para hacer el envío:

todo.alumnoportada.com.es/sendemail

 

Formulario de contacto:

Configuración del servidor de correo

nano .env

Fichero .env

MAIL_MAILER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=localhost
MAIL_PORT=25
MAIL_USERNAME=null
MAIL_PASSWORD=null
MAIL_ENCRYPTION=null
MAIL_FROM_ADDRESS=info@alumno.xyz
MAIL_FROM_NAME="${APP_NAME}"

Añadir las rutas en el fichero routes/web.php

<?php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
use App\Http\Controllers\TasksController;
use App\Http\Controllers\EmailController;

/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
*/

Route::get('/', function () {
    return view('welcome');
});

Route::middleware(['auth:sanctum', 'verified'])->group(function(){
    Route::get('/dashboard',[TasksController::class, 'index'])->name('dashboard');

    Route::get('/task',[TasksController::class, 'add']);
    Route::post('/task',[TasksController::class, 'create']);
    
    Route::get('/task/{task}', [TasksController::class, 'edit']);
    Route::post('/task/{task}', [TasksController::class, 'update']);
});

Route::get('/sendemail', function () {
  try {
    $result = "Your email has been sent successfully";
    $data = array( 'name' => "LearningLaravel.net" );
    
    Mail::send('emails.learning', $data, function ($message) {
        $from = 'emisor@alumno.xyz';
        $name = 'nombreAlumno';
        // cambiar el email y poner uno propio
        $to = 'paco.portada@protonmail.com';
        $subject = "Learning Laravel test email";   
        $message->from($from, $name);
        $message->to($to);
        $message->subject($subject);
        });
    } catch (Exception $e) {
            $result = $e->getMessage();
    }
    return $result;
});

Route::get('/email', [EmailController::class, 'create']);
Route::post('/email', [EmailController::class, 'sendEmail'])->name('send.email');

Crear el controlador

php artisan make:controller EmailController

Añadir este contenido al fichero app\Http\Controllers\EmailController.php

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Mail;

class EmailController extends Controller
{
    public function create()
    {

        return view('email');
    }

    public function sendEmail(Request $request)
    {
        $request->validate([
          'email' => 'required|email',
          'subject' => 'required',
          'content' => 'required',
        ]);

        $data = [
          'subject' => $request->subject,
          'email' => $request->email,
          'content' => $request->content
        ];

        Mail::send('email-template', $data, function($message) use ($data) {
          $message->to($data['email'])
          ->subject($data['subject']);
        });

        return back()->with(['message' => 'Email successfully sent!']);
    }
}

Crear el fichero resources\views\email.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Mail Send in Laravel</title>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <!-- Bootstrap -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@4.6.0/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}" />
</head>

<body>
    <div class="container">
        <h1>Mail Send Example</h1>
          @if(session()->has('message'))
              <div class="alert alert-success">
                  {{ session()->get('message') }}
              </div>
          @endif
        <form action="{{ route('send.email') }}" method="post">
          @csrf
            <div class="form-group">
                <label>Email:</label>
                <input type="email" name="email" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter Email">
                @error('email')
                  <span class="text-danger"> {{ $message }} </span>
                @enderror
            </div>

            <div class="form-group">
                <label>Subject:</label>
                <input type="text" name="subject" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter subject">
                @error('subject')
                  <span class="text-danger"> {{ $message }} </span>
                @enderror
            </div>

            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Content:</strong>
                <textarea name="content" rows="5" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter Your Message"></textarea>
                @error('content')
                  <span class="text-danger"> {{ $message }} </span>
                @enderror
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success save-data">Send</button>
                <a href={{ route('dashboard') }}>Return</a>
            </div>
        </form>
    </div>
</body>
</html>

Crear el fichero resources\views\email-template.blade.php

<div class="container">
     <div class="row justify-content-center">
         <div class="col-md-8">
             <div class="card">
                 <div class="card-header">Welcome!</div>
                   <div class="card-body">
                    @if (session('resent'))
                         <div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
                            {{ __('A fresh mail has been sent to your email address.') }}
                        </div>
                    @endif
                    {!! $content !!}
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

Accederemos desde el navegador a la ruta email para hacer el envío:

todo.alumnoportada.com.es/email

Más información:

Mail send in Laravel

Manejo de correo entrante en Laravel

 

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